Astronomical constraints on the duration of the Early JurassicPliensbachianStage and global climatic fluctuations
Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Reason for embargo
The Early Jurassic was marked by multiple periods of major global climatic and palaeoceanographic change, biotic turnover and perturbed global geochemical cycles, commonly linked to large igneous province volcanism. This epoch was also characterised by the initial break-up of the super-continent Pangaea and the opening and formation of shallow-marine basins and ocean gateways, the timing of which are poorly constrained. Here, we show that the Pliensbachian Stage and the Sinemurian–Pliensbachian global carbon-cycle perturbation (marked by a negative shift in δ13C of 2–4‰), have respective durations of ∼8.7 and ∼2 Myr. We astronomically tune the floating Pliensbachian time scale to the 405 Kyr eccentricity solution (La2010d), and propose a revised Early Jurassic time scale with a significantly shortened Sinemurian Stage duration of 6.9±0.4 Myr. When calibrated against the new time scale, the existing Pliensbachian seawater 87Sr/86Sr record shows relatively stable values during the first ∼2 Myr of the Pliensbachian, superimposed on the long-term Early Jurassic decline in 87Sr/86Sr. This plateau in 87Sr/86Sr values coincides with the Sinemurian–Pliensbachian boundary carbon-cycle perturbation. It is possibly linked to a late phase of Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP) volcanism that induced enhanced global weathering of continental crustal materials, leading to an elevated radiogenic strontium flux to the global ocean.
We acknowledge funding for this study from Shell International Exploration and Production B.V., the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program (ICDP), and the UK Natural Environment Research Council (NE/N018508/1). CVU acknowledges funding from Leopoldina, German National Academy of Sciences (grant no. LPDS 2014-08). We thank the British Geological Survey (BGS) for enabling access to the Mochras core and Charles J.B. Gowing (BGS) for supplying hand-held XRF equipment and assistance with analyses. We also thank Steve Wyatt (Oxford) and Mabs Gilmour (Open University) for help with Rock-Eval and δ13C analyses. We are further grateful for the constructive reviews by Wolfgang Ruebsam, Blair Schoene and one anonymous reviewer, and the editorial guidance by Martin Frank. JBR publishes with the approval of the Executive Director, British Geological Survey (NERC).
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Elsevier via the DOI in this record.
Vol. 455, pp. 149 - 165