Geological 3D modeling for excavation activity in an underground marble quarry in the Apuan Alps (Italy)
Computers and Geosciences
This is the author accepted version. The final version is available from Elsevier via the DOI in this record.
The three-dimensional laser scanning technique has recently become common in diverse working environments. Even in geology, where further development is needed, this technique is increasingly useful in tackling various problems such as stability investigations or geological and geotechnical monitoring. Three-dimensional laser scanning supplies detailed and complete geometrical information in short working times, as a result of the acquisition of a large number of data-points that accurately model the detected surfaces. Moreover, it is possible to combine these data with high quality photographic images so as to provide important information for geological applications, as follows. A working approach, that combines terrestrial laser scanning and traditional geological surveys, is presented. A three-dimensional model, that includes information about the geological structure in an underground quarry in the Apuan Alps, is realized. This procedure is adaptable to other geological contexts, and because of its operating speed and accuracy it is invaluable for optimal excavation, in which a proper planning of quarrying activity is vital for safety and commercial reasons. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
The authors gratefully acknowledge the assistance of the personnel of the Romana Quarry and particularly Geol. Massimo Corniani. This paper was possible because of support from the Tuscany Region Research Project known as “Health and safety in the quarries of ornamental stones – SECURCAVE”.
Vol. 69, pp. 41 - 54