Protective effects of exogenous and endogenous hydrogen sulfide in mast cell-mediated pruritus and cutaneous acute inflammation in mice.
De Nucci, G
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The recently described 'gasomediator' hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been involved in pain mechanisms, but its effect on pruritus, a sensory modality that similarly to pain acts as a protective mechanism, is poorly known and controversial. The effects of the slow-releasing (GYY4137) and spontaneous H2S donors (Na2S and Lawesson's reagent, LR) were evaluated in histamine and compound 48/80 (C48/80)-dependent dorsal skin pruritus and inflammation in male BALB/c mice. Animals were intradermally (i.d.) injected with C48/80 (3μg/site) or histamine (1μmol/site) alone or co-injected with Na2S, LR or GYY4137 (within the 0.3-100nmol range). The involvement of endogenous H2S and KATP channel-dependent mechanism were also evaluated. Pruritus was assessed by the number of scratching bouts, whilst skin inflammation was evaluated by the extravascular accumulation of intravenously injected (125)I-albumin (plasma extravasation) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity (neutrophil recruitment). Histamine or C48/80 significantly evoked itching behavior paralleled by plasma extravasation and increased MPO activity. Na2S and LR significantly ameliorated histamine or C48/80-induced pruritus and inflammation, although these effects were less pronounced or absent with GYY4137. Inhibition of endogenous H2S synthesis exacerbated C48/80-induced responses, whereas the blockade of KATP channels by glibenclamide did not. High-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) revealed that Na2S and LR, but not GYY4137, significantly attenuated C48/80-induced histamine release from rat peritoneal mast cell in vitro. We provide first evidences that H2S exerted protective effect against acute pruritus mediated via histaminergic pathways in murine skin, thus making of H2S donors a potential alternative/complementary therapy for treatment of acute pruritus.
Sao Paulo Research Foundation (Fapesp grant numbers: 2013/04.151-3, 2014/15.576-8, 2014/24.518-1) and CNPq (grant number: 163278/2012-1). GDN, MNM and SKPC are recipients of fellowships from the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq). We thank Irene M Gouvea, Flávia B de Lira and Mauro Sucupira for their techinical support.
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Elsevier via the DOI in this record.
Available online 10 November 2016
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