Multi-shaker modal testing and modal identification of hollow-core floor system
Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series
Springer New York
© The Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc.
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© The Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc. 2016.The approach used to estimate dynamic properties of civil engineering structures normally comprise numerical modelling and much less frequently—experimental modal analysis. Hence, the work presented in this paper focuses on the later approach. The multi-input multi-output (MIMO) modal test for civil engineering structures is not commonly used and is rarely presented in the literature due to its cost and practical difficulties. This paper aims to show the advantages of adapting this exercise in the identification of the modal properties of a full-scale floor system. The floor is located on the first level of a building undergoing major refurbishment. The results presented in this paper are for a test conducted on the bare floor where no modifications were done to the as-built structural layout. A forced vibration test was undertaken with three electrodynamic shakers and 14 accelerometers. To excite the floor, the shakers were driven by statistically uncorrelated random excitation signals with frequency spans of 0–50 Hz. The testing demonstrated that the floor has closely spaced modes of vibration. The procedure for identifying the estimated modal properties from this experimental modal analysis exercise will be discussed.
The paper was prepared with the financial and technical support of the University of Exeter and Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) grant reference EP/K03877X/1 for which the writers are grateful. The financial support of The Higher Committee for Education Development in Iraq (HCED IRAQ scholarship reference GD-13-5) is highly appreciated as well. WSP-Parsons | Brinckerhoff, and ISG plc are acknowledged for allowing access to the site during construction.
Hameed, A. F. and Pavic, A. (2016) 'Multi-Shaker Modal Testing and Modal Identification of Hollow-Core Floor System', in Pakzad, S. & Juan, C. (eds.) Dynamics of Civil Structures, Volume 2: Proceedings of the 34th IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 331-340.