The role of glycerol in the pathogenic lifestyle of the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae
Wiley for Society for Applied Microbiology (SfAM)
Reason for embargo
The rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae elaborates a specialised cell called an appressorium, which is used to breach the tough outer cuticle of a rice leaf, enabling the fungus entry to host plant cells. The appressorium generates enormous turgor by accumulating glycerol to very high concentrations within the cell. Glycerol accumulation and melanisation of the appressorium cell wall collectively drive turgor-mediated penetration of the rice leaf. In this review, we discuss the potential metabolic sources of glycerol in the rice blast fungus and how appressorium turgor is focused as physical force at the base of the infection cell, leading to the formation of a rigid penetration peg. We review recent studies of M. oryzae and other relevant appressorium-forming fungi which shed light on how glycerol is synthesised and how appressorium turgor is regulated. Finally, we provide some questions to guide avenues of future research that will be important in fully understanding the role of glycerol in rice blast disease.
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Wiley via the DOI in this record.
Published online 6 February 2017