Functionalized α-Helical Peptide Hydrogels for Neural Tissue Engineering.
ACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering
American Chemical Society
This is an open access article published under an ACS AuthorChoice License (http://pubs.acs.org/page/policy/authorchoice_termsofuse.html), which permits copying and redistribution of the article or any adaptations for non-commercial purposes.
Trauma to the central and peripheral nervous systems often lead to serious morbidity. Current surgical methods for repairing or replacing such damage have limitations. Tissue engineering offers a potential alternative. Here we show that functionalized α-helical-peptide hydrogels can be used to induce attachment, migration, proliferation and differentiation of murine embryonic neural stem cells (NSCs). Specifically, compared with undecorated gels, those functionalized with Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser (RGDS) peptides increase the proliferative activity of NSCs; promote their directional migration; induce differentiation, with increased expression of microtubule-associated protein-2, and a low expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein; and lead to the formation of larger neurospheres. Electrophysiological measurements from NSCs grown in RGDS-decorated gels indicate developmental progress toward mature neuron-like behavior. Our data indicate that these functional peptide hydrogels may go some way toward overcoming the limitations of current approaches to nerve-tissue repair.
This work was supported by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (H01716X, D.N.W. and M.A.B.); the European Research Council (StG243261, BS; and ADG340764, D.N.W.); the Royal Society (UF051616, B.S.); the Medical Research Council (G1100623, A.D.R.); and the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (Bristol Chemical Synthesis Centre for Doctoral Training, EP/G036764/1, K.L.H.). D.N.W. holds a Royal Society Wolfson Research Merit Award.
This is the final version of the article. Available from the American Chemical Society via the DOI in this record.
Vol. 1 (6), pp. 431 - 439