Delayed maximum northern European summer temperatures during the Last Interglacial as a result of Greenland Ice Sheet melt
Geological Society of America
Reason for embargo
Here we report a new quantitative mean July temperature reconstruction using non-biting midges (chironomids) from the Danish Last Interglacial (LIG) site Hollerup (spanning 127–116 ka). We find that peak mean July temperatures of 17.5 °C, similar to those of the present day (1961–1990 CE), were reached shortly before the onset of the regional Carpinus pollen zone. Through comparison to terrestrial and marine sequences we demonstrate that peak summer warmth took place some three millennia after the onset of LIG warming in Europe, a marked delay in line with records from the North Atlantic. Crucially, the warmest northern European summer temperatures appear to follow maximum Greenland Ice Sheet mass loss, implying that meltwater substantially reduced Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation and depressed European temperatures during the early part of the interglacial.
Turney and Fogwill thank the Australian Research Council (grants FL100100195, FT120100004, LP120200724). Thanks to Bjørn Buchardt for providing the C:N data, Angela Self for help with statistical analysis, David Campbell and Alan Bedford for laboratory work, and three reviewers for their constructive comments.
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from the Geological Society of America via the DOI in this record.
Vol. 45 (1), pp. 23 - 26