One-Class Classifiers Based on Entropic Spanning Graphs
IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
One-class classifiers offer valuable tools to assess the presence of outliers in data. In this paper, we propose a design methodology for one-class classifiers based on entropic spanning graphs. Our approach also takes into account the possibility to process nonnumeric data by means of an embedding procedure. The spanning graph is learned on the embedded input data, and the outcoming partition of vertices defines the classifier. The final partition is derived by exploiting a criterion based on mutual information minimization. Here, we compute the mutual information by using a convenient formulation provided in terms of the α-Jensen difference. Once training is completed, in order to associate a confidence level with the classifier decision, a graph-based fuzzy model is constructed. The fuzzification process is based only on topological information of the vertices of the entropic spanning graph. As such, the proposed one-class classifier is suitable also for data characterized by complex geometric structures. We provide experiments on well-known benchmarks containing both feature vectors and labeled graphs. In addition, we apply the method to the protein solubility recognition problem by considering several representations for the input samples. Experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness and versatility of the proposed method with respect to other state-of-the-art approaches.
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from IEEE via the DOI in this record.
Published online 28 September 2016
Place of publication