Effect of thermal history on the properties of bentonite
Environmental Earth Sciences
© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016
Reason for embargo
© 2016, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.The effect of thermal history on the properties of bentonite was studied through a number of experimental tests. The desired thermal history was created on samples of bentonite by keeping them at a fixed temperature (50, 100, 150, 200 and 250 °C) for a specific duration (3, 7, 14 and 30 days). Standard compaction, Atterberg limits, free swelling and swelling pressure tests were carried out on the samples on the dry side of optimum, optimum and wet side of optimum of the compaction curve with desired thermal history. In addition chemical tests were carried out on the flooding water at the end of the swelling test. The results showed that the changes in compaction characteristics were not considerable but the Atterberg limits, free swelling and swelling pressure of the soil were changed due to the thermal history in comparison with the soil without any thermal history. The magnitudes of free swelling and swelling pressure were dependent on the location of prepared sample on the compaction curve. In addition, the changes in Atteberg limits and swelling parameters (amount of free swelling and swelling pressure) were functions of magnitude of temperature and duration of time that the sample experienced the temperature in its temperature history. The effects of temperature and also duration of exposure of the soil to temperature was discussed with the aid of the Diffuse Double Layer (DDL) theory. It was found that the temperature may change the gradation of soil due to cementation of particles as a result of formation of some salts and oxides that help to paste the particles together and change the properties of the soil.
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Springer Verlag via the DOI in this record.
Vol. 75, 657