The making of a mammalian peroxisome, version 2.0: mitochondria get into the mix
Cell Death and Differentiation
Nature Publishing Group for Congregazione dei Figli dell'Immacolata Concezione (CFIC), Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, Istituto Dermopatico dell'Immacolata (IDI-IRCCS)
Reason for embargo
A recent report from the laboratory of Heidi McBride (McGill University) presents a role for mitochondria in the de novo biogenesis of peroxisomes in mammalian cells (1). Peroxisomes are essential organelles responsible for a wide variety of biochemical functions, from the generation of bile, to plasmalogen synthesis, reduction of peroxides, and the oxidation of very long chain fatty acids (2). Like mitochondria, peroxisomes proliferate primarily through growth and division of pre-existing peroxisomes (3-6). However, unlike mitochondria, peroxisomes do not fuse (5,7); further, and perhaps most importantly, they can also be born de novo, a process thought to occur through the generation of pre-peroxisomal vesicles that originate from the endoplasmic reticulum (reviewed in (8,9). De novo peroxisome biogenesis has been extensively studies in yeast, with a major focus on the role of the ER in this process. Comprehensive studies in mammalian cells are, however, scarce (5,10-12). By exploiting patient cells lacking mature peroxisomes, Sugiura et al. (1) now assign a role to ER and mitochondria in de novo mammalian peroxisome biogenesis by showing that the formation of immature preperoxisomes occurs through the fusion of Pex3- / Pex14-containing mitochondriaderived vesicles with Pex16-containing ER-derived vesicles.
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Nature Publishing Group via the DOI in this record.
Published online: April 14 2017