A cytomegalovirus-based vaccine provides long-lasting protection against lethal Ebola virus challenge after a single dose
Ebola virus (Zaire ebolavirus; EBOV) is a highly lethal hemorrhagic disease virus that most recently was responsible for two independent 2014 outbreaks in multiple countries in Western Africa, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, respectively. Herein, we show that a cytomegalovirus (CMV)-based vaccine provides durable protective immunity from Ebola virus following a single vaccine dose. This study has implications for human vaccination against ebolaviruses, as well as for development of a 'disseminating' vaccine to target these viruses in wild African great apes.
We thank Dr U. Koszinowski (Max von Pettenkofer-Institute, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Germany) for providing the pSMfr3 MCMV BAC, and Dr D. Court (NCI-Frederick, MD) for providing the lambda-based recombination system used to construct the original MCMV/ZEBOV-NPCTL construct. We appreciate K. Marshall (VGTI, OR) and J. Bailey (NIAID, MT) for their organization and coordination of animals used in the study. We also thank the members of Rocky Mountain Veterinary Branch (DIR, NIAID, NIH) for assistance with animal care. Finally, we thank Drs H. Ebihara (DIR, NIAID, NIH), A. Marzi (DIR, NIAID, NIH), P. Barry (University of California at Davis, CA), M. Cranfield (Mountain Gorilla Veterinary Project, Baltimore, MD) for insightful discussions. This study was supported by R21 (AI088442) and the Intramural Research Program of the NIAID, NIH; and University of Plymouth, School of Biomedical and Healthcare Sciences internal funding.
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available fromElsevier via the DOI in this record.
, Vol. 33, pp. 2261 - 2266
Place of publication