Resilience theory incorporated into urban wastewater systems management. State of the art
IWA Publishing / Elsevier
Open access. Under a Creative Commons license: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Government bodies, utilities, practitioners, and researchers have growing interest in the incorporation of resilience into wastewater management. Since resilience is a multidisciplinary term, it is important to review what has been achieved in the wastewater sector, and describe the future research directions for the forthcoming years. This work presents a critical review of studies that deal with resilience in the wastewater treatment sector, with a special focus on understanding how they addressed the key elements for assessing resilience, such as stressors, system properties, metrics and interventions to increase resilience. The results showed that only 17 peer-reviewed papers and 6 relevant reports, a small subset of the work in wastewater research, directly addressed resilience. The lack of consensus in the definition of resilience, and the elements of a resilience assessment, is hindering the implementation of resilience in wastewater management. To date, no framework for resilience assessment is complete, comprehensive or directly applicable to practitioners; current examples are lacking key elements (e.g. a comprehensive study of stressors, properties and metrics, examples of cases study, ability to benchmark interventions or connectivity with broader frameworks). Furthermore, resilience is seen as an additional cost or extra effort, instead of a means to overcome project uncertainty that could unlock new opportunities for investment.
The authors thank the consultancy team in Water Research, Strategic Advisory Services Research in Atkins UK, and Corinne Trommsdorff from IWA, for their constructive comments and support. Their contribution is highly appreciated. This work has been supported by the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement No 642904 - TreatRec ITN-EID project, and by the Ministry of Economy and competitiveness for the Ramon and Cajal grant from Lluís Corominas (RYC-2013-14595) and for the REaCH project (CTM2015-66892-R, MINECO/FEDER, EU). LEQUIA and ICRA were recognized as consolidated research groups by the Catalan Government with codes 2014-SGR-1168 and 2014-SGR-291, respectively. The second and fifth authors acknowledge support from the UK Engineering & Physical Sciences Research Council grant EP/K006924/1.
This is the final version of the article. Available from Elsevier via the DOI in this record.
Vol. 115, pp. 149 - 161