Neoliberal energy transitions in the South: Kenyan experiences
© 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.Under a Creative Commons license: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
What is the relationship between the direction and form of an energy transition and the political economy within which it is embedded? This paper explores how the nature of (low carbon) energy transitions is strongly influenced by the process of neoliberalisation that shape energy policy in the South. We seek to understand emergent energy transitions and to advance their theorisation through an account of the political economy of energy transition in Kenya. In contrast to the often techno-managerial orientation of literatures on socio-technical transitions, we explore the political terrain upon which competing visions of energy futures and material interests collide and seek to accommodate one another. We develop a political economy account that emphasises the structural and disciplinary power of capital and global institutions to set the terms of transition. This expresses itself in both delimiting the autonomy of state actors and by reconfiguring domestic institutional and social power in ways that shape the distributional politics of transitions.
Funding for this research from the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) is gratefully acknowledged. CDKN is funded by the UK Department for International Development (DfID) and the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs (DGIS). Open Access to this article has been funded by King's College London.
This is the final version of the article. Available from Elsevier via the DOI in this record.
Vol. 74, pp. 39 - 48