Fast and Highly Sensitive Ionic-Polymer-Gated WS2 -Graphene Photodetectors
Torres Alonso, E
Fadhil Ramadhan, S
© 2017 The Authors. Published by WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
The combination of graphene with semiconductor materials in heterostructure photodetectors enables amplified detection of femtowatt light signals using micrometer-scale electronic devices. Presently, long-lived charge traps limit the speed of such detectors, and impractical strategies, e.g., the use of large gate-voltage pulses, have been employed to achieve bandwidths suitable for applications such as video-frame-rate imaging. Here, atomically thin graphene-WS2 heterostructure photodetectors encapsulated in an ionic polymer are reported, which are uniquely able to operate at bandwidths up to 1.5 kHz whilst maintaining internal gain as large as 10(6) . Highly mobile ions and the nanometer-scale Debye length of the ionic polymer are used to screen charge traps and tune the Fermi level of the graphene over an unprecedented range at the interface with WS2 . Responsivity R = 10(6) A W(-1) and detectivity D* = 3.8 × 10(11) Jones are observed, approaching that of single-photon counters. The combination of both high responsivity and fast response times makes these photodetectors suitable for video-frame-rate imaging applications.
J.D.M. acknowledges financial support from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) of the United Kingdom, via the EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Metamaterials (Grant No. EP/L015331/1 ). S.F.R acknowledges financial support from the Higher Committee for Education Development in Iraq (HCED). S.R. and M.F.C. acknowledge financial support from EPSRC (Grant No. EP/J000396/1, EP/K017160/1, EP/K010050/1, EP/G036101/1, EP/M001024/1, and EP/M002438/1) and from Royal Society International Exchanges Scheme 2016/R1.
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Vol. 29 (23), article 1700222
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