Differential cell autonomous responses determine the outcome of coxsackievirus infections in murine pancreatic α and β cells
dos Santos, RS
Op de Beeck, A
eLife Sciences Publications
© 2015, Marroqui et al. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited.
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease caused by loss of pancreatic β cells via apoptosis while neighboring α cells are preserved. Viral infections by coxsackieviruses (CVB) may contribute to trigger autoimmunity in T1D. Cellular permissiveness to viral infection is modulated by innate antiviral responses, which vary among different cell types. We presently describe that global gene expression is similar in cytokine-treated and virus-infected human islet cells, with up-regulation of gene networks involved in cell autonomous immune responses. Comparison between the responses of rat pancreatic α and β cells to infection by CVB5 and 4 indicate that α cells trigger a more efficient antiviral response than β cells, including higher basal and induced expression of STAT1-regulated genes, and are thus better able to clear viral infections than β cells. These differences may explain why pancreatic β cells, but not α cells, are targeted by an autoimmune response during T1D.
Fonds De La Recherche Scientifique – FNRS: FNRS- F 5/4/5.MCF/KP. Project de secherche (PDR) T.0036.13; European Commission (EC): Projects Naimit and BetaBat, in the Framework Programme 7 of the European Community; Federation Wallonie- Bruxelles: the Communaute Franc¸ aise de BelgiqueActions de Recherche Concertees (ARC); Fonds De La Recherche Scientifique – FNRS: FNRS post-doctoral fellowship; Governo Brasil: PDE/CSF Pos-Doutorado no Exterior; Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation International (JDRF): JDRF Career Development Award; European Commission (EC): European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme [FP7/2007-2013] under grant agreement 261441 PEVNET
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Vol. 4, article e06990
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