Automatic shape optimisation of the turbine-99 draft tube
INTRODUCTION The performance of a hydraulic reaction turbine is significantly affected by the efficiency of its draft tube. Factors which impede the tube’s performance include the geometrical shape (profile), and velocity distribution at the inflow. So far, the design of draft tubes has been improved through experimental observations resulting in empirical formulae or ‘rules of thumb’. The use of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) in this design process has only been a recent addition due to its robustness and cost-effectivenesses with increasing availability to computational power. The flexibility of CFD, allowing for comprehensive analysis of complex profiles, is especially appealing for optimising the design. Hence, there is a need for developing an accurate and reliable CFD approach together with an efficient optimisation strategy. Flows through a turbine draft tube are characterised as turbulent with a range of flow phenomena, e.g. unsteadiness, flow separation, and swirling flow. With the aim of improving the techniques for analysing such flows, the turbomachinery community have proposed a standard test case in the form of the Turbine-99 draft tube . Along with this standard geometry, with the aim of simulating the swirling inflow, an additional runner proposed by Cervantes  is included in the present work. The draft tube geometry is shown in Fig.1. The purpose of this abstract is to outline the framework developed to achieve the automated shape optimisation of this draft tube.
This work was supported by the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) grant (reference number: EP/M017915/1) for the University of Exeters College of Engineering, Mathematics, and Physical Sciences.
This is the author accepted manuscript.
12th OpenFOAM Workshop, 24-27 July 2017, University of Exeter, UK.