Partitioning of Co2+ and Mn2+ into meridianiite (MgSO4·11H2O): Ternary solubility diagrams at 270 K; cation site distribution determined by single-crystal time-of-flight neutron diffraction and density functional theory
Fluid Phase Equilibria
© 2017 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. Open Access funded by Science and Technology Facilities Council. Under a Creative Commons license: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
We have grown single crystals of M 2+ SO 4 hydrates at 270 K from aqueous solutions in the ternary systems CoSO 4 –MgSO 4 –H 2 O and MnSO 4 –MgSO 4 –H 2 O. These systems exhibit broad stability fields for a triclinic undecahydrate on the Mg-rich side (i.e., Co- or Mn-bearing meridianiite solid solutions) and stability fields for monoclinic heptahydrates on the Mg-poor side (i.e., Mg-bearing solid solutions of bieberite or mallardite). The solubility curves and distribution coefficients, describing the partitioning of M 2+ ions between liquid and solid phases, have been determined by thermo-gravimetric and spectroscopic techniques. A subset of M 2+ SO 4 ·11H 2 O specimens were selected for single-crystal time-of-flight neutron diffraction analysis in order to evaluate preferential occupancy of symmetry-inequivalent coordination polyhedra in the structure. Considering the nearly identical dimensions of the first coordination shells, there is a surprising difference in the distribution of Co and Mn over the two available sites.
This work was supported in part by the Science and Technology Facilities Council, Fellowship number PP/E006515/1 and by STFC grant number ST/K000934/1.
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Vol. 437, pp. 1 - 13