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dc.contributor.authorRoelfsema, C
dc.contributor.authorThurstan, R
dc.contributor.authorBeger, M
dc.contributor.authorDudgeon, C
dc.contributor.authorLoder, J
dc.contributor.authorKovacs, E
dc.contributor.authorGallo, M
dc.contributor.authorFlower, J
dc.contributor.authorGomez Cabrera, K-L
dc.contributor.authorOrtiz, J
dc.contributor.authorLea, A
dc.contributor.authorKleine, D
dc.date.accessioned2017-11-08T10:34:01Z
dc.date.issued2016-10-05
dc.description.abstractSubtropical reefs provide an important habitat for flora and fauna, and proper monitoring is required for conservation. Monitoring these exposed and submerged reefs is challenging and available resources are limited. Citizen science is increasing in momentum, as an applied research tool and in the variety of monitoring approaches adopted. This paper aims to demonstrate an ecological assessment and mapping approach that incorporates both top-down (volunteer marine scientists) and bottom-up (divers/community) engagement aspects of citizen science, applied at a subtropical reef at Point Lookout, Southeast Queensland, Australia. Marine scientists trained fifty citizen scientists in survey techniques that included mapping of habitat features, recording of substrate, fish and invertebrate composition, and quantifying impacts (e.g., occurrence of substrate damage, presence of litter). In 2014 these volunteers conducted four seasonal surveys along semi-permanent transects, at five sites, across three reefs. The project presented is a model on how citizen science can be conducted in a marine environment through collaboration of volunteer researchers, non-researchers and local marine authorities. Significant differences in coral and algal cover were observed among the three sites, while fluctuations in algal cover were also observed seasonally. Differences in fish assemblages were apparent among sites and seasons, with subtropical fish groups observed more commonly in colder seasons. The least physical damage occurred in the most exposed sites (Flat Rock) within the highly protected marine park zones. The broad range of data collected through this top-down/bottom-up approach to citizen science exemplifies the projects' value and application for identifying ecosystem trends or patterns. The results of the project support natural resource and marine park management, providing a valuable contribution to existing scientific knowledge and the conservation of local reefs.en_GB
dc.description.sponsorshipFunded by Redland City Council and Sibelco community grants.en_GB
dc.identifier.citationVol. 11 (10), article e0163407en_GB
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0163407
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10871/30199
dc.language.isoenen_GB
dc.publisherPublic Library of Scienceen_GB
dc.relation.sourceAll maps are available via online data portal http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.845011. All raw data is available via online data portal http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.843122.en_GB
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27706182en_GB
dc.rights© 2016 Roelfsema et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.en_GB
dc.subjectAnimalsen_GB
dc.subjectAnthozoaen_GB
dc.subjectBiodiversityen_GB
dc.subjectCommunity Participationen_GB
dc.subjectCoral Reefsen_GB
dc.subjectEnvironmental Monitoringen_GB
dc.subjectMarine Biologyen_GB
dc.subjectModels, Educationalen_GB
dc.subjectQueenslanden_GB
dc.subjectResearch Designen_GB
dc.subjectSurveys and Questionnairesen_GB
dc.titleA Citizen Science Approach: A Detailed Ecological Assessment of Subtropical Reefs at Point Lookout, Australiaen_GB
dc.typeArticleen_GB
dc.date.available2017-11-08T10:34:01Z
exeter.place-of-publicationUnited Statesen_GB
dc.descriptionThis is the final version of the article. Available from Public Library of Science via the DOI in this record.en_GB
dc.identifier.journalPLoS Oneen_GB


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