The Fire Modeling Intercomparison Project (FireMIP), phase 1: Experimental and analytical protocols with detailed model descriptions
Colin Prentice, I
Geoscientific Model Development
European Geosciences Union (EGU) / Copernicus Publications
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
The important role of fire in regulating vegetation community composition and contributions to emissions of greenhouse gases and aerosols make it a critical component of dynamic global vegetation models and Earth system models. Over 2 decades of development, a wide variety of model structures and mechanisms have been designed and incorporated into global fire models, which have been linked to different vegetation models. However, there has not yet been a systematic examination of how these different strategies contribute to model performance. Here we describe the structure of the first phase of the Fire Model Intercomparison Project (FireMIP), which for the first time seeks to systematically compare a number of models. By combining a standardized set of input data and model experiments with a rigorous comparison of model outputs to each other and to observations, we will improve the understanding of what drives vegetation fire, how it can best be simulated, and what new or improved observational data could allow better constraints on model behavior. In this paper, we introduce the fire models used in the first phase of FireMIP, the simulation protocols applied, and the benchmarking system used to evaluate the models. We have also created supplementary tables that describe, in thorough mathematical detail, the structure of each model.
S. Rabin was supported by a National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship and by the Carbon Mitigation Initiative, and along with S. Hantson and A. Arneth would like to acknowledge support by the EU FP7 projects BACCHUS (grant agreement no. 603445) and LUC4C (grant agreement no. 603542). This work was supported, in part, by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), through the Helmholtz Association and its research programme ATMO, and the HGF Impulse and Networking 5 fund. F. Li was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 41475099 and the CAS Youth Innovation Promotion Association Fellowship. The UK Met Office contribution was funded by BEIS under the Hadley Centre Climate Programme contract (GA01101). G. A. Folberth also wishes to acknowledge funding received from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 641816 (CRESCENDO). J. O. Kaplan was supported by the European Research Council (COEVOLVE, 313797).
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from EGU via the DOI in this record.
Vol. 10, pp. 1175 - 1197