Adaptive Maximum Power Point Finding Using Direct VOC/2 Tracking Method with Microwatt Power Consumption for Energy Harvesting
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
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Maximum power transfer occurs in many energy harvesters at their half open-circuit voltage (VOC/2). A novel implementation method of maximum power point finding based on the VOC/2 method is presented by exploiting the capacitor charging voltage across a capacitor connected in parallel with the energy harvester. The presented technique has a specifically designed high-pass filter which has a peak output voltage that corresponds to the VOC/2 of the energy harvester. The control circuit filters and differentiates the voltage across the smoothing capacitor to directly determine the timing of reaching the VOC/2 of the energy harvester without having to find the VOC first, and is fully implemented using discrete analog components without the need of a microcontroller, leading to low power consumption of the method. In this paper, the control circuit is used in conjunction with a full wave diode bridge rectifier and a dc-dc converter to harvest energy from a piezoelectric energy harvester (PEH) as the studied case. The PEH was subjected to various strain levels at low frequencies from 2 to 10 Hz. Experimental results show that the implemented circuit is adaptive to various vibration amplitudes and frequencies and has a maximum power point finding efficiency of up to 98.28% with power consumption as low as 5.16 μW.
Funding Agency: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from IEEE via the DOI in this record.
Published online 15 November 2017