A measurement system for vertical seawater profiles close to the air-sea interface
European Geosciences Union (EGU) / Copernicus Publications
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
This paper describes a near-surface ocean profiler, which has been designed to precisely measure vertical gradients in the top 10m of the ocean. Variations in the depth of seawater collection are minimized when using the profiler compared to conventional CTD/rosette deployments. The profiler consists of a remotely operated winch mounted on a tethered yet free-floating buoy, which is used to raise and lower a small frame housing sensors and inlet tubing. Seawater at the inlet depth is pumped back to the ship for analysis. The profiler can be used to make continuous vertical profiles or to target a series of discrete depths. The profiler has been successfully deployed during wind speeds up to 10ms -1 and significant wave heights up to 2 m. We demonstrate the potential of the profiler by presenting measured vertical profiles of the trace gases carbon dioxide and dimethylsulfide. Trace gas measurements use an efficient microporous membrane equilibrator to minimize the system response time. The example profiles show vertical gradients in the upper 5m for temperature, carbon dioxide and dimethylsulfide of 0.15 °C, 4 μatm and 0.4nM respectively.
This research was made possible by PML internal funding, a NERC funded studentship (NE/L000075/1), temperature sensors on the central Celtic Sea mooring (NE/K002058/1) and the NERC Shelf Sea Biogeochemistry pelagic research programme (NE/K002007/1).
This is the final version of the article. Available from EGU via the DOI in this record.
Vol. 13, pp. 649 - 660