Optimal Design Approach of Solar Powered Rural Water Distribution Systems in Developing Countries
Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering & Technology
In many rural parts of the developing world reliable access to clean water and electrical power is constrained. In this study, methods of integrating estimations of power outputs from solar photovoltaic arrays into gravity-fed water distribution network modelling are investigated. The effects of powering a rural water distribution system that is replenished with groundwater pumps that use solar power, and the effect of this on other network design decisions, are investigated. A rural community of an estimated 2,800 people with 28 standpipes from a borehole was chosen to develop the optimisations. The water storage tank and pipework were the focus on the water distribution system. EPANET and generic algorithms were used to run network optimisation simulations of: water tank location, elevation and volume; pipe diameter and configuration; and optimal system design in terms of cost. Different scenarios were included producing supply, demand and required water storage curves, which could have practical application for rural water distribution system design. Indicative costs for theoretical water distribution networks for rural communities in The Gambia were generated.
This is the author accepted manuscript.
International Conference on Sustainable Development in Civil Engineering, 23- 25 November 2017, Mehran UET, Jamshoro, Pakistan