Role of RelA and SpoT in Burkholderia pseudomallei survival, biofilm formation and ceftazidime tolerance during nutritional stress
Malaysian Society of Parasitology and Tropical Medicine (MSPTM)
Reason for embargo
Currently under embargo until 5th March 2018 pending publisher permission
Burkholderia pseudomallei a saprophyte found in soil and stagnant water is the causative agent of human melioidosis, an often cause fatal disease. B. pseudomallei is intrinsically resistant to many antibiotics. The stringent response is a global bacterial adaptation process in response to nutritional limitation and is mediated by the alarmone (p)ppGpp, which is produced by two proteins, RelA and SpoT. In order to test whether the stringent response is involved in ceftazidime tolerance, biofilm formation, and bacterial survival in the soil microcosm, B. pseudomallei strain K96243 and its isogenic ΔrelA and ΔrelAΔspoT mutants were grown in rich and nutrient-limited media. In nutrient-limiting conditions, both the wild type and mutants were found to be up to 64-times more tolerant to ceftazidime than when grown in rich culture conditions. Moreover, the biofilm formation of all bacterial isolates tested were significantly higher under nutrient-limiting conditions than under nutrient-rich conditions. The ΔrelAΔspoT mutant produced less biofilm than its wild type or ΔrelA mutant under nutrient-limiting conditions. The survival of the ΔrelAΔspoT double mutant cultured in 1% moisture content soil was significantly decreased compared to the wild type and the ΔrelA mutant. Therefore, the RelA/SpoT protein family might represent a promising target for the development of novel antimicrobial agents to combat B. pseudomallei.
This work was supported by the Thailand Research Fund through the Royal Golden Jubilee Ph.D. Program (Grant no. PHD/0351/2551 to CA and ST), the Higher Education Research Promotion and National Research University Project of Thailand, Office of the Higher Education Commission, through the Health Cluster (SHeP-GMS), and Khon Kaen University.
This is the author accepted manuscript.
Vol. 33, pp. 786 - 798