Modification of Graphene for Applications in Optoelectronic Devices
Jones, Gareth Francis
Thesis or dissertation
University of Exeter
24 month ebargo requested by Prof. Saverio Russo for the purposes of allowing un-published results to be submitted and peer-reviewed by a high impact journal. See supporting letter accompanying the physical thesis subsmission.
Reason for embargo
24 month ebargo requested by Prof. Saverio Russo for the purposes of allowing un-published results to be submitted and peer-reviewed by a high impact journal.
In this thesis, we investigate how the optical and electronic properties of graphene may be modified in proximity to various other materials. We present several examples of how modification in this way can help make graphene better suited for specific device applications. We develop a method of up-scaling the fabrication of FeCl3-intercalated few-layer graphene from micron-sized flakes to macroscopic films so that it may be used as a transparent electrode in flexible light-emitting devices. We also find that photo-responsive junctions can be arbitrarily written into FeCl3-intercalated few-layer graphene by means of optical lithography. These junctions produce photocurrent signals that are directly proportional to incident optical power over an extended range compared to other graphene photodetectors. Through theoretical analysis of these junctions, we conclude that the enhanced cooling of hot carriers with lattice phonons is responsible for this behaviour. Finally, we trial rubrene single crystals as the light-absorbing layer in a graphene phototransistor. We find that rubrene single crystal-graphene interfaces exhibit enhanced charge transfer efficiencies under illumination with extremely weak light signals. Through a comparative study with similar devices, we conclude that the wide variation in sensitivity amongst graphene phototransistors is largely due to extraneous factors relating to device geometry and measurement conditions.
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Submitted by Gareth Francis Jones to the University of Exeter as a thesis for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Physics.
G. F. Jones, R. M. Pinto , A. de Sanctis, V. K. Nagareddy, C. D. Wright, H. Alves, M. F. Craciun and S. Russo. Highly efficient rubrene-graphene charge transfer interfaces as phototransistors in the visible regime. Adv. Mater. 29, 1702993 (2017)
A. de Sanctis, G. F. Jones, D. J. Wehenkel, F. Bezares, F. H. L. Koppens, M. F. Craciun and S. Russo. Extraordinary linear dynamic range in laser-defined functionalized graphene photodetectors. Sci. Adv., 3, e1602617 (2017)
E. Torres Alonso, G. Karkera, G. F. Jones, M. F. Craciun, and S. Russo. Homogeneously bright, flexible, and foldable lighting devices with functionalized graphene electrodes. ACS App. Mater. Int. 8, 16541-16545 (2016)
T. H. Bointon, G. F. Jones, A. de Sanctis, R. Hill-Pearce, M. F. Craciun and S. Russo. Large-area functionalized CVD graphene for work function matched transparent electrodes. Sci. Rep. 5, 16464 (2015)
PhD in Physics