Negative Symptoms in Early-Onset Psychosis and Their Association With Antipsychotic Treatment Failure.
Oxford University Press (OUP) for Maryland Psychiatric Research Center
© The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Maryland Psychiatric Research Center. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
The prevalence of negative symptoms (NS) at first episode of early-onset psychosis (EOP), and their effect on psychosis prognosis is unclear. In a sample of 638 children with EOP (aged 10-17 y, 51% male), we assessed (1) the prevalence of NS at first presentation to mental health services and (2) whether NS predicted eventual development of multiple treatment failure (MTF) prior to the age of 18 (defined by initiation of a third trial of novel antipsychotic due to prior insufficient response, intolerable adverse-effects or non-adherence). Data were extracted from the electronic health records held by child inpatient and community-based services in South London, United Kingdom. Natural Language Processing tools were used to measure the presence of Marder Factor NS and antipsychotic use. The association between presenting with ≥2 NS and the development of MTF over a 5-year period was modeled using Cox regression. Out of the 638 children, 37.5% showed ≥2 NS at first presentation, and 124 (19.3%) developed MTF prior to the age of 18. The presence of NS at first episode was significantly associated with MTF (adjusted hazard ratio 1.62, 95% CI 1.07-2.46; P = .02) after controlling for a number of potential confounders including psychosis diagnostic classification, positive symptoms, comorbid depression, and family history of psychosis. Other factors associated with MTF included comorbid autism spectrum disorder, older age at first presentation, Black ethnicity, and family history of psychosis. In EOP, NS at first episode are prevalent and may help identify a subset of children at higher risk of responding poorly to antipsychotics.
J.D. received supported by a Medical Research Council (MRC) Clinical Research Training Fellowship (MR/L017105/1) and Psychiatry Research Trust Peggy Pollak Research Fellowship in Developmental Psychiatry. H.D. and S.L. have received salary support from the Foundation of Professional Services to Adolescents, UK. R.D.H. was funded by an MRC Fellowship (MR/J01219X/1). R.P. was funded by an MRC CRTF (MR/K002813/1). C.A., L.P-C., and C.M.D-C. have held grants from the Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness. Instituto de Salud Carlos III, co-financed by ERDF Funds from the European Commission, “A way of making Europe,” CIBERSAM, Madrid Regional Government (S2010/BMD-2422 AGES), European Union Structural Funds and European Union Seventh Framework Program under grant agreements FP7-HEALTH-2009-2.2.1-2-241909 (EU-GEI), FP7-HEALTH-2009-2.2.1-3-242114 (OPTiMISE), FP7-HEALTH-2013-2.2.1-2-603196 (PSYSCAN)and FP7- HEALTH-2013-2.2.1-2-602478 (METSY); European Union H2020 Program under the Innovative Medicines Initiative 2 Joint Undertaking (grant agreement No-115916; PRISM); Fundación Alicia Koplowitz and Fundación Mutua Madrileña. M.H., J.H.M. and H.S. receive salary support from the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Biomedical Research Centre at South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust and King’s College London. The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the NHS, the NIHR or the Department of Health.
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from OUP via the DOI in this record
Published online 24 January 2018
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