Fishes in a changing world: learning from the past to promote sustainability of fish populations.
Journal of Fish Biology
© 2018 The Authors.Journal of Fish Biology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of The Fisheries Society of the British Isles.This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Populations of fishes provide valuable services for billions of people, but face diverse and interacting threats that jeopardize their sustainability. Human population growth and intensifying resource use for food, water, energy and goods are compromising fish populations through a variety of mechanisms, including overfishing, habitat degradation and declines in water quality. The important challenges raised by these issues have been recognized and have led to considerable advances over past decades in managing and mitigating threats to fishes worldwide. In this review, we identify the major threats faced by fish populations alongside recent advances that are helping to address these issues. There are very significant efforts worldwide directed towards ensuring a sustainable future for the world's fishes and fisheries and those who rely on them. Although considerable challenges remain, by drawing attention to successful mitigation of threats to fish and fisheries we hope to provide the encouragement and direction that will allow these challenges to be overcome in the future.
This paper was initiated during the 50th Anniversary Symposium of The Fisheries Society ofthe British Isles (FSBI) at the University of Exeter, UK, in July 2017. The authors thank FSBIand conference organizers and hosts for facilitating these discussions. Several authors receivedfinancial support to participate in the conference; R.C.W. thanks Sêr Cymru National ResearchNetwork for Low Carbon, Energy & Environment, and F.H.M. thanks the Bonus Baltic Searesearch and development programme (Art 185) BIO-C3 project, funded jointly by the E.U. andthe BMBF (Grant No. 03F0682A), for providing this funding. T. A. C. G., H. R. H., D. W. M.and F. M. W. thank the Natural Environment Research Council GW4+ DTP [NE/L002434/1].
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Wiley via the DOI in this record.
Vol. 92 (3), pp. 804 - 827
Place of publication