Scalable processing and integration of 2D materials and devices
Torres Alonso, Elías
Date: 5 April 2018
University of Exeter
PhD in Engineering
Due to its truly two dimensional (2D) character and its particular lattice, single layer graphene (SLG) possesses exceptional properties: it is semimetallic, transparent, strong yet flexible... Complementary features such as the insulating character of hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) and semiconducting properties of transition metal ...
Due to its truly two dimensional (2D) character and its particular lattice, single layer graphene (SLG) possesses exceptional properties: it is semimetallic, transparent, strong yet flexible... Complementary features such as the insulating character of hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) and semiconducting properties of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) enable the whole spectrum of electronic devices to be built with combinations of these 2D materials. Due to this and the ease of exfoliation with a sticky tape, a vast amount of research was sparked. The mechanical exfoliation method, however, is only suitable for novel or proof-of-concept devices. The trend nowadays in electronics is towards transparent, lightweight, flexible, embedded smart devices and sensors in everyday objects such as windows and mirrors, garments, windshields, car seats, parachutes...These demands are already met inherently by these new materials, thus the challenges remaining are within their synthesis, deposition and processing, where more scalable ways of production and device fabrication need to be developed. This thesis explores innovative approaches using established techniques that aim to bridge the gap between proof-of-concept devices and real applications of 2D materials in future commercial level technologies. Methods to create graphene and engineer its properties are employed with a special focus on scalability and adaptability towards the industry. These graphene materials have been processed using pioneering schemes to create different optoelectronic devices and sensors. The techniques employed here for synthesis, transfer and deposition, device processing and characterization of graphene and derivatives, are suitable for their use in large manufacturing and mass-production. Depending on the application envisaged, different materials are used and optimize in order to balance good performance, cost-effectiveness and suitability/scalability of the process for the specific target the device was designed for.
Item views 0
Full item downloads 0