Proactive adjustments of response strategies in the stop-signal paradigm.
Logan, Gordon D.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
American Psychological Association
In the stop-signal paradigm, fast responses are harder to inhibit than slow responses, so subjects must balance speed in the go task with successful stopping in the stop task. In theory, subjects achieve this balance by adjusting response thresholds for the go task, making proactive adjustments in response to instructions that indicate that relevant stop signals are likely to occur. The 5 experiments reported here tested this theoretical claim, presenting cues that indicated whether or not stop signals were relevant for the next few trials. Subjects made proactive response-strategy adjustments in each experiment: Diffusion-model fits showed that response threshold increased when participants expected stop signals to occur, slowing go responses and increasing accuracy. Furthermore, the results show that subjects can make proactive response-strategy adjustments on a trial-by-trial basis, suggesting a flexible cognitive system that can proactively adjust itself in changing environments.
This is a postprint of an article published in Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance © 2009 copyright American Psychological Association. 'This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.' Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance is available online at: http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/xhp/index.aspx
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2009, Vol. 35, Issue 3, pp. 835 - 854
Place of publication