From funding gaps to thin markets: UK Government support for early-stage venture capital
National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts
'Hybrid' venture capital schemes backed by both private and public sector funding play an increasingly important role in the risk capital funding of early-stage firms with the potential for significant growth. We analysed the impact of investment from six UK government-backed venture capital schemes on 782 funded firms over the period 1995-2008. The six schemes that are the focus of this analysis are the Enterprise Capital Funds (ECFs), Early Growth Funds (EGFs), Regional Venture Capital Funds (RVCFs), Scottish Enterprise-backed Funds, University Challenge Funds (UCFs), and Welsh Hybrid Funds.