Direct Optical Quantification of Backflow in a 90° Twisted Nematic Cell
Smith, N. J.
Tillin, M. D.
Sambles, J. Roy
University of Exeter; Sharp Laboratories of Europe Ltd., Oxford
Physical Review Letters
American Physical Society
Optical guided mode observations of the transient director profile (optical tensor distribution) during the relaxation of a 90° twisted nematic cell directly reveals backflow. In the first 6 ms of the relaxation process, after a voltage across the cell is removed, the midplane tilt of the director increases, reaching a maximum value of 101° at 1.4 ms. This increase in midplane tilt is attributed to coupling between fluid flow (backflow) and director reorientation. A 270° twisted state of the opposite handedness to the 90° twisted state found at equilibrium is shown to exist during the backflow period. Good fits of theoretical models with experimentally determined time dependent director profiles yield the viscosity coefficients.
N. J. Smith, M. D. Tillin, and J. Roy Sambles, Physical Review Letters, Vol. 88, article 088301 (2002). "Copyright © 2002 by the American Physical Society."
88 (8), article 088301