Optical waveguide characterization of a tristable antiferroelectric liquid crystal cell
Jewell, Sharon A.
Sambles, J. Roy
Goodby, J. W.
Hall, A. W.
Cowling, S. J.
University of Exeter; University of Hull
Journal of Applied Physics
American Institute of Physics
The optical convergent-beam waveguide technique has been used to characterize a homogeneously aligned 3 µm cell containing a liquid crystal in the antiferroelectric phase. The director structure has been quantified with the cell at 0 V and at ±50 V dc, and three distinct states have been observed. From the optical data collected, it is found that the material forms a tilted-bookshelf ferroelectric structure in the presence of a suitable voltage, and the characteristic alternating (anticlinic) structure of the antiferroelectric phase when the cell is short-circuited. The biaxiality of the antiferroelectric state has been measured, and (approximately) uniaxial refractive indices, the cone angle, and layer tilt have been determined for the ferroelectric state.
Copyright © 2004 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in Journal of Applied Physics 95 (2004) and may be found at http://link.aip.org/link/?JAPIAU/95/2246/1
95 (5), pp. 2246-2249