Mid- to late-Holocene vegetation history of Greater Exmoor, UK: estimating the spatial extent of human-induced vegetation change

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Mid- to late-Holocene vegetation history of Greater Exmoor, UK: estimating the spatial extent of human-induced vegetation change

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dc.contributor.author Fyfe, Ralph en_GB
dc.contributor.author Brown, A.G en_GB
dc.contributor.author Rippon, Stephen en_GB
dc.contributor.department University of Exeter en_GB
dc.date.accessioned 2008-06-06T15:27:08Z en_GB
dc.date.accessioned 2011-01-25T10:35:32Z en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2013-03-20T14:05:50Z
dc.date.issued 2003-12 en_GB
dc.description.abstract This paper presents the results from three pollen profiles from a group of small spring mire sites on the southern edge of Exmoor in south west England. The size and topography of these sites allow detailed local landscape histories around each site to be reconstructed which broadly cover the mid- to late-Holocene. Comparison of the individual local landscape histories demonstrates the scale of spatial variation in vegetation around the upland edge, and facilitates understanding of human-landscape interactions from the early Neolithic onward. In the early Neolithic significant short-term woodland disturbance is recorded around the upland fringe, including clearance of oak-hazel-elm woodland, suggesting that the shift from Mesolithic to Neolithic is not marked by a gradual environmental transition. Following this, there is clear evidence of Neolithic management of upland heath using fire, presumably for the management of upland grazing. Woodland clearances are recorded throughout the later Prehistoric period; however, the use of multiple profiling suggests that woodland clearance is spatially discrete, even within an area of 4 km2. Pastoral land use is dominant around the uplands until around 900–1,000 A.D., and there is no discernible Roman or post-Roman period impact in the vegetation, suggesting cultural stability from the late Iron Age to the early Medieval period. By 1,100 A.D., there is a shift to mixed arable-pastoral farming which appears to continue well into the post-Medieval period. en_GB
dc.identifier.citation Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, 12 (4), December 2003, pp. 215-232 en_GB
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s00334-003-0018-3 en_GB
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10036/29653 en_GB
dc.language.iso en en_GB
dc.publisher Springer en_GB
dc.relation.url http://www.springerlink.com/content/107470/ en_GB
dc.subject Pollen en_GB
dc.subject Exmoor en_GB
dc.subject Human impact en_GB
dc.subject Mesolithic/Neolithic en_GB
dc.subject Medieval en_GB
dc.title Mid- to late-Holocene vegetation history of Greater Exmoor, UK: estimating the spatial extent of human-induced vegetation change en_GB
dc.type Article en_GB
dc.date.available 2008-06-06T15:27:08Z en_GB
dc.date.available 2011-01-25T10:35:32Z en_US
dc.date.available 2013-03-20T14:05:50Z
dc.identifier.issn 09396314 en_GB
dc.description Copyright © Springer 2003. NOTICE: This is the author’s final version of a work accepted for publication by Springer. The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com en_GB
dc.identifier.eissn 16176278 en_GB
dc.identifier.journal Vegetation History and Archaeobotany en_GB


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