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Light outcoupling efficiency of top-emitting organic light-emitting diodes
Smith, L. H.
Wasey, J. A. E.
Barnes, William L.
University of Exeter
Applied Physics Letters
American Institute of Physics
We report results obtained from modeling the light outcoupling efficiency of top–emitting organic light-emitting diode (OLED) structures and compare them with results from conventional substrate-emitting structures. We investigate two types of emissive material, small molecule and conjugated polymers, and study three different cathode materials; aluminum, silver, and calcium. We show that top-emitting OLEDs may have outcoupling efficiencies comparable to their substrate-emitting counterparts, and that the choice of cathode material is critical to the optical performance of the device.
Copyright © 2004 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in Applied Physics Letters 84 (2004) and may be found at http://link.aip.org/link/?APPLAB/84/2986/1
84 (16), pp. 2986-2988