Flat photonic bands in guided modes of textured metallic microcavities
Salt, M. G.
Barnes, William L.
University of Exeter
Physical Review B
American Physical Society
A detailed experimental study of how wavelength-scale periodic texture modifies the dispersion of the guided modes of λ/2 metal-clad microcavities is presented. We first examine the case of a solid-state microcavity textured with a single, periodic corrugation. We explore how the depth of the corrugation and the waveguide thickness affect the width of the band gap produced in the dispersion of the guided modes by Bragg scattering off the periodic structure. We demonstrate that the majority of the corrugation depths studied dramatically modify the dispersion of the lowest-order cavity mode to produce a series of substantially flat bands. From measurements of how the central frequency of the band gap varies with direction of propagation of the guided modes, we determine a suitable two-dimensional texture profile for the production of a complete band gap in all directions of propagation. We then experimentally examine band gaps produced in the guided modes of such a two-dimensionally textured microcavity and demonstrate the existence of a complete band gap for all directions of propagation of the lowest-order TE-polarized mode. We compare our experimental results with those from a theoretical model and find good agreement. Implications of these results for emissive microcavity devices such as light-emitting diodes are discussed.
M. G. Salt and William L. Barnes, Physical Review B, Vol. 61, pp. 11125-11135 (2000). "Copyright © 2000 by the American Physical Society."
61 (16), pp. 11125-11135