Control of scroll-wave turbulence using resonant perturbations
Morgan, S. W.
Biktasheva, I. V.
Biktashev, V. N.
Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics
American Physical Society
Turbulence of scroll waves is a sort of spatiotemporal chaos that exists in three-dimensional excitable media. Cardiac tissue and the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction are examples of such media. In cardiac tissue, chaotic behavior is believed to underlie fibrillation which, without intervention, precedes cardiac death. In this study we investigate suppression of the turbulence using stimulation of two different types, "modulation of excitability" and "extra transmembrane current." With cardiac defibrillation in mind, we used a single pulse as well as repetitive extra current with both constant and feedback controlled frequency. We show that turbulence can be terminated using either a resonant modulation of excitability or a resonant extra current. The turbulence is terminated with much higher probability using a resonant frequency perturbation than a nonresonant one. Suppression of the turbulence using a resonant frequency is up to fifty times faster than using a nonresonant frequency, in both the modulation of excitability and the extra current modes. We also demonstrate that resonant perturbation requires strength one order of magnitude lower than that of a single pulse, which is currently used in clinical practice to terminate cardiac fibrillation. Our results provide a robust method of controlling complex chaotic spatiotemporal processes. Resonant drift of spiral waves has been studied extensively in two dimensions, however, these results show for the first time that it also works in three dimensions, despite the complex nature of the scroll wave turbulence.
Copyright © 2008 The American Physical Society
Vol. 78 (4), article 046207
Place of publication