Spontaneous traveling waves in oscillatory systems with cross diffusion.
Biktashev, V. N.
Tsyganov, M. A.
Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics
American Physical Society
We identify a type of pattern formation in spatially distributed active systems. We simulate one-dimensional two-component systems with predator-prey local interaction and pursuit-evasion taxis between the components. In a sufficiently large domain, spatially uniform oscillations in such systems are unstable with respect to small perturbations. This instability, through a transient regime appearing as spontaneous focal sources, leads to establishment of periodic traveling waves. The traveling wave regime is established even if boundary conditions do not favor such solutions. The stable wavelength is within a range bounded both from above and from below, and this range does not coincide with instability bands of the spatially uniform oscillations.
Copyright © 2009 The American Physical Society
Vol. 80 (5), article 056111
Place of publication