Asymptotics of conduction velocity restitution in models of electrical excitation in the heart.
Simitev, R. D.
Biktashev, V. N.
Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
We extend a non-Tikhonov asymptotic embedding, proposed earlier, for calculation of conduction velocity restitution curves in ionic models of cardiac excitability. Conduction velocity restitution is the simplest non-trivial spatially extended problem in excitable media, and in the case of cardiac tissue it is an important tool for prediction of cardiac arrhythmias and fibrillation. An idealized conduction velocity restitution curve requires solving a non-linear eigenvalue problem with periodic boundary conditions, which in the cardiac case is very stiff and calls for the use of asymptotic methods. We compare asymptotics of restitution curves in four examples, two generic excitable media models, and two ionic cardiac models. The generic models include the classical FitzHugh-Nagumo model and its variation by Barkley. They are treated with standard singular perturbation techniques. The ionic models include a simplified "caricature" of Noble (J. Physiol. Lond. 160:317-352, 1962) model and Beeler and Reuter (J. Physiol. Lond. 268:177-210, 1977) model, which lead to non-Tikhonov problems where known asymptotic results do not apply. The Caricature Noble model is considered with particular care to demonstrate the well-posedness of the corresponding boundary-value problem. The developed method for calculation of conduction velocity restitution is then applied to the Beeler-Reuter model. We discuss new mathematical features appearing in cardiac ionic models and possible applications of the developed method.
Copyright © Springer 2011
The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com - http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11538-010-9523-6
Vol. 73 (1), pp. 72 - 115
Place of publication