Farms, fields and mines: an historic landscape analysis of Calstock parish
This report presents a characterisation of the ‘historic landscape’ – the present pattern of fields, roads, settlements and land-uses – in the parish of Calstock, in the Tamar Valley, Cornwall (Figure 1). The characterisation is based upon the Ordnance Survey First Edition Six Inch to One Mile maps of 1889, with additional data from earlier cartographic sources including the Tithe Map and Apportionment of 1839. The morphology of the landscape is described, along with data on when settlements are first documented, and the patterns of land-ownership and land-occupancy that they are associated with. A total of twelve historic landscape types are identified that range from ‘Late Enclosure’, that represents the enclosure of extensive former common pasture on the higher ground, through to ‘Strip-Based Fields’ that are derived from medieval open fields that were probably created by the time of the Domesday survey in 1086.
Heritage Lottery Fund