Imaging small-amplitude magnetization dynamics in a longitudinally magnetized microwire
Keatley, Paul Steven
Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
American Physical Society
We have used time-resolved scanning Kerr microscopy to study spin waves in a magnetic microwire subjected to a bias magnetic field applied parallel to its long axis. The spin-wave spectra obtained from different points near one end of the wire reveal several normal modes. We found that modes of a higher frequency occupied regions located further from the end of the wire. This was interpreted in terms of the confinement of the spin-wave modes by a nonuniform demagnetizing field. Furthermore, at a particular distance from the end of the wire, two or more modes occupying different regions along the width of the wire were observed. This was interpreted in terms of the confinement of the spin-wave modes due to an asymmetric variation in the local angle between the static magnetization and the effective direction of the wave vector of the confined modes. Images of the dynamic magnetization that are acquired at fixed pump-probe time delays revealed stripes lying perpendicular to the long axis of the wire and, hence, to the applied magnetic field. We interpret the stripe pattern in terms of a collective mode of the quasiperiodic system of ripple domains existing within the polycrystalline sample. Cur results give an additional insight into the connection between the nonuniform static magnetic state in small magnetic elements and their precessional dynamics, which is fundamentally important for the design of future high-speed switching and spin-wave logic devices of magnonics.
Copyright © 2008 The American Physical Society
Vol. 77 (17), article 172407