Evidence for Prehistoric Salt Extraction Rediscovered in the Hungarian Central Mining Museum
The Antiquaries Journal
Cambridge University Press
This paper describes a group of wooden objects (a trough, ladder, mallet and other pieces) found in 1817 in a salt mine in north-eastern Austria-Hungary, now Ukraine, which have recently come to light in the Hungarian Central Mining Museum in Sopron. It presents new radiocarbon dates indicating that the objects date to the Bronze Age, except for one that belongs to the early medieval period. Their function is briefly considered in the context of recent excavation and survey work in Romania, and specifically the remarkable discoveries from Ba˘ ile Figa near Beclean, northern Transylvania, where several similar troughs and other objects have been found. Taken together, the finds shed light on the scale of salt exploitation in central and eastern Europe in prehistoric times.
Society of Antiquaries
© The Society of Antiquaries of London, 2011
Vol. 91, pp. 27-49