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Transiting exoplanets from the CoRoT space mission. IV. CoRoT-Exo-4b: a transiting planet in a 9.2 day synchronous orbit
Collier Cameron, A.
Deeg, H. J.
De la Reza, R.
Lanza, A. F.
Astronomy and Astrophysics
CoRoT, the first space-based transit search, provides ultra-high-precision light curves with continuous time-sampling over periods of up to 5 months. This allows the detection of transiting planets with relatively long periods, and the simultaneous study of the host star’s photometric variability. In this Letter, we report the discovery of the transiting giant planet CoRoT-Exo-4b and use the CoRoT light curve to perform a detailed analysis of the transit and determine the stellar rotation period. The CoRoT light curve was pre-processed to remove outliers and correct for orbital residuals and artefacts due to hot pixels on the detector. After removing stellar variability about each transit, the transit light curve was analysed to determine the transit parameters. A discrete autocorrelation function method was used to derive the rotation period of the star from the out-of-transit light curve. We determine the periods of the planetary orbit and star’s rotation of 9.20205 ± 0.00037 and 8.87 ± 1.12 days respectively, which is consistent with this being a synchronised system. We also derive the inclination, i = 90.00+0.000 −0.085 in degrees, the ratio of the orbital distance to the stellar radius, a/Rs = 17.36+0.05−0.25, and the planet-to-star radius ratio Rp/Rs = 0.1047+0.0041−0.0022.We discuss briefly the coincidence between the orbital period of the planet and the stellar rotation period and its possible implications for the system’s migration and star-planet interaction history.
Copyright © The European Southern Observatory (ESO)
488 (2), pp. L43-L46