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dc.contributor.authorScreen, James A.
dc.contributor.authorGillett, Nathan P.
dc.contributor.authorKarpechko, Alexey Yu
dc.contributor.authorStevens, David P.
dc.date.accessioned2013-06-12T15:33:31Z
dc.date.issued2010
dc.description.abstractPrevious studies have shown that simulated sea surface temperature (SST) responses to the southern annular mode (SAM) in phase 3 of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP3) climate models compare poorly to the observed response. The reasons behind these model inaccuracies are explored. The ocean mixed layer heat budget is examined in four of the CMIP3 models and by using observations–reanalyses. The SST response to the SAM is predominantly driven by sensible and latent heat flux and Ekman heat transport anomalies. The radiative heat fluxes play a lesser but nonnegligible role. Errors in the simulated SST responses are traced back to deficiencies in the atmospheric response to the SAM. The models exaggerate the surface wind response to the SAM leading to large unrealistic Ekman transport anomalies. During the positive phase of the SAM, this results in excessive simulated cooling in the 40°–65°S latitudes. Problems with the simulated wind stress responses, which relate partly to errors in the simulated winds themselves and partly to the transfer coefficients used in the models, are a key cause of the errors in the SST response. In the central Pacific sector (90°–150°W), errors arise because the simulated SAM is too zonally symmetric. Substantial errors in the net shortwave radiation are also found, resulting from a poor representation of the changes in cloud cover associated with the SAM. The problems in the simulated SST responses shown by this study are comparable to deficiencies previously identified in the CMIP3 multimodel mean. Therefore, it is likely that the deficiencies identified here are common to other climate models.en_GB
dc.identifier.citationVol. 23 (3), pp. 664 - 678en_GB
dc.identifier.doi10.1175/2009JCLI2976.1
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10871/10481
dc.language.isoenen_GB
dc.publisherAmerican Meteorological Societyen_GB
dc.relation.urlhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2009JCLI2976.1en_GB
dc.subjectTemperatureen_GB
dc.subjectMixed layeren_GB
dc.subjectSouthern Oceanen_GB
dc.titleMixed layer temperature response to the southern annular mode: Mechanisms and model representationen_GB
dc.typeArticleen_GB
dc.date.available2013-06-12T15:33:31Z
dc.identifier.issn0894-8755
dc.description© Copyright 2010 American Meteorological Society (AMS). Permission to use figures, tables, and brief excerpts from this work in scientific and educational works is hereby granted provided that the source is acknowledged. Any use of material in this work that is determined to be “fair use” under Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Act September 2010 Page 2 or that satisfies the conditions specified in Section 108 of the U.S. Copyright Act (17 USC §108, as revised by P.L. 94-553) does not require the AMS’s permission. Republication, systematic reproduction, posting in electronic form, such as on a web site or in a searchable database, or other uses of this material, except as exempted by the above statement, requires written permission or a license from the AMS. Additional details are provided in the AMS Copyright Policy, available on the AMS Web site located at (http://www.ametsoc.org/) or from the AMS at 617-227-2425 or copyrights@ametsoc.org.en_GB
dc.identifier.eissn1520-0442
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Climateen_GB


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