‘High risk’ clinical and inflammatory clusters in COPD of Chinese descent
Tiew, PY; Ko, FWS; Narayana, JK; et al.Poh, ME; Xu, H; Neo, HY; Loh, L-C; Ong, C-K; Aogáin, MM; Tan, JHY; Kamaruddin, NH; Sim, GJH; Lapperre, TS; Koh, MS; Hui, DSC; Abisheganaden, JA; Tee, A; Tsaneva-Atanasova, K; Chotirmall, SH
Date: 22 February 2020
Elsevier / American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP)
Introduction COPD is a heterogeneous disease demonstrating inter-individual variation. A high COPD prevalence in Chinese populations is described but little is known about disease clusters and prognostic outcomes in the Chinese population across South-East Asia. We aim to determine if clusters of Chinese patients with COPD exist and ...
Introduction COPD is a heterogeneous disease demonstrating inter-individual variation. A high COPD prevalence in Chinese populations is described but little is known about disease clusters and prognostic outcomes in the Chinese population across South-East Asia. We aim to determine if clusters of Chinese patients with COPD exist and their association with systemic inflammation and clinical outcomes. Methods Chinese patients with stable COPD were prospectively recruited into two cohorts (derivation and validation) from six hospitals across three South-East Asian countries (Singapore, Malaysia and Hong Kong; n=1,480). Each patient was followed over two-years. Clinical data (including co-morbidities) were employed in unsupervised hierarchical clustering (followed by validation) to determine the existence of patient clusters and their prognostic outcome. Accompanying systemic cytokine assessments were performed in a subset (n=336) of COPD patients to determine if inflammatory patterns and associated networks characterised the derived clusters. Results Five patient clusters were identified including (1) Ex-tuberculosis (2) Diabetic (3) Low co-morbidity: low-risk (4) Low co-morbidity: high-risk and (5) cardiovascular. The ‘cardiovascular’ and ‘ex-tuberculosis’ clusters demonstrate highest mortality (independent of GOLD assessment) and illustrate diverse cytokine patterns with complex inflammatory networks. Conclusions We describe novel ‘clusters’ of Chinese COPD patients, two of which represent ‘high-risk’ clusters. The ‘cardiovascular’ and ‘ex-tuberculosis’ patient clusters exhibit high mortality, significant inflammation and complex cytokine networks. Clinical and inflammatory risk stratification of Chinese patients with COPD should be considered for targeted intervention to improve disease outcomes.
College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences
Item views 0
Full item downloads 0
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as © 2020. This version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/