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dc.contributor.authorKim, JW
dc.contributor.authorGuess, A
dc.contributor.authorNyhan, B
dc.contributor.authorReifler, J
dc.date.accessioned2021-09-06T12:42:01Z
dc.date.issued2021-09-03
dc.description.abstractThough prior studies have analyzed the textual characteristics of online comments about politics, less is known about how selection into commenting behavior and exposure to other people’s comments changes the tone and content of political discourse. This article makes three contributions. First, we show that frequent commenters on Facebook are more likely to be interested in politics, to have more polarized opinions, and to use toxic language in comments in an elicitation task. Second, we find that people who comment on articles in the real world use more toxic language on average than the public as a whole; levels of toxicity in comments scraped from media outlet Facebook pages greatly exceed what is observed in comments we elicit on the same articles from a nationally representative sample. Finally, we demonstrate experimentally that exposure to toxic language in comments increases the toxicity of subsequent comments.en_GB
dc.description.sponsorshipDartmouth Collegeen_GB
dc.description.sponsorshipEuropean Union Horizon 2020en_GB
dc.identifier.citationPublished online 3 September 2021en_GB
dc.identifier.doi10.1093/joc/jqab034
dc.identifier.grantnumber682758en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10871/126976
dc.language.isoenen_GB
dc.publisherInternational Communication Association / Oxford University Pressen_GB
dc.rights.embargoreasonUnder embargo until 3 March 2023 in compliance with publisher policyen_GB
dc.rights© The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of International Communication Association. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.comen_GB
dc.subjectSocial mediaen_GB
dc.subjectOnline commentsen_GB
dc.subjectToxicityen_GB
dc.subjectSelf-selectionen_GB
dc.subjectPolarizationen_GB
dc.titleThe Distorting Prism of Social Media: How Self-Selection and Exposure to Incivility Fuel Online Comment Toxicityen_GB
dc.typeArticleen_GB
dc.date.available2021-09-06T12:42:01Z
dc.identifier.issn0021-9916
dc.descriptionThis is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Oxford University Press via the DOI in this recorden_GB
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Communicationen_GB
dc.rights.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden_GB
dcterms.dateAccepted2021-08-03
exeter.funder::European Commissionen_GB
rioxxterms.versionAMen_GB
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2021-08-03
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_GB
refterms.dateFCD2021-09-06T12:38:49Z
refterms.versionFCDAM
refterms.panelCen_GB


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