Fortified Settlements of the 9th and 10th Centuries ad in Central Europe: structure, function and symbolism
© Society for Medieval Archaeology 2012. MORE OpenChoice articles are open access and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0
The structure, function(s)and symbolism of early medieval (9th-10th centuries ad) fortified settlements from central Europe, in particular today's Austria, Hungary, Czech Republic and Slovakia, are examined in this paper. It offers an overview of the current state of research together with new insights based on analysis of the site of Gars-Thunau in Lower Austria. Special emphasis is given to the position of the fortified sites in the landscape, to the elements of the built environment and their spatial organisation, as well as to graves within the fortified area. The region under study was situated on the SE border of the Carolingian (and later the Ottonian) Empire, with some of the discussed sites lying in the territory of the 'Great Moravian Empire' in the 9th and 10th centuries. These sites can therefore provide important comparative data for researchers working in other parts of the Carolingian Empire and neighbouring regions.
Alexander von Humboldt Foundation
Austrian Science Fund
Open access article. © Society for Medieval Archaeology 2012.
Vol. 56, Issue 1, pp. 60 - 84