The fortified hilltop site of Gars-Thunau and the settlements of the 9th and 10th centuries AD in Lower Austria
Studien zur Archäologie Europas
This article presents results from the current investigation of the fortified hilltop settlement of Gars-Thunau (Lower Austria). The site was, in the 9th and 10th centuries AD, situated in the border regions of the East-Frankish Empire, Moravia and Bohemia. In addition to the early medieval occupation, evidence of a number of earlier occupation phases is present at the site. These include a late Bronze Age fortification, parts of which were re-used during the construction of the 9th–10th-century fortification ramparts. Current research has identified six early medieval settlement phases in Gars-Thunau. A multi-phase manor farm is situated in the central part of the site. It is preceded and followed by settlement phases that display a different spatial structure. The features and finds excavated at the site indicate the presence of a military and social elite at Gars- Thunau. The second part of the article provides a concise summary of the archaeology of settlements contemporary with Gars-Thunau from the territory of Lower Austria.
Austrian Science Fund
Alexander von Humboldt Foundation
Copyright 2011 by Dr. Rudolf Habelt GmbH, Bonn. Published version of this book chapter deposited with the kind permission of the publisher.
In: J. Macháček/ Š. Ungerman (eds.), Frühgeschichtliche Zentralorte in Mitteleuropa, pp. 519 - 528
Place of publication