Robustness of λ-tracking and funnel control in the gap metric
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
For m-input, m-output, finite-dimensional, linear systems satisfying the classical assumptions of adaptive control (i.e., (i) minimum phase, (ii) relative degree one and (iii) positive definite high-frequency gain matrix), two control strategies are considered: the well-known λ-tracking and funnel control. An application of the λ-tracker to systems satisfying (i)–(iii) yields that all states of the closed-loop system are bounded and |e| is ultimately bounded by some prespecified λ > 0. An application of the funnel controller achieves tracking of the error e within a prescribed performance funnel if applied to linear systems satisfying (i)–(iii). Moreover, all states of the closed-loop system are bounded. The funnel boundary can be chosen from a large set of functions. Invoking the conceptual framework of the nonlinear gap metric, we show that the λ-tracker and the funnel controller are robust. In the present setup this means in particular that λ-tracking and funnel control copes with bounded input and output disturbances and, more importantly, may be applied to any system which is “close” (in terms of a “small” gap) to a system satisfying (i)–(iii), and which may not satisfy any of the classical conditions (i)–(iii), as long as the initial conditions and the disturbances are “small”.
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Decision and Control, 2009 held jointly with the 2009 28th Chinese Control Conference. CDC/CCC 2009. Proceedings of the 48th IEEE Conference on 15-18 December 2009
Proceedings of the 48th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control and 28th Chinese Control Conference pp. 638 - 643