HH 222: A Giant Herbig-Haro Flow from the Quadruple System V380 Ori
American Astronomical Society
© 2013. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
HH 222 is a giant shocked region in the L1641 cloud, and is popularly known as the Orion Streamers or "the waterfall" on account of its unusual structure. At the center of these streamers are two infrared sources coincident with a nonthermal radio jet aligned along the principal streamer. The unique morphology of HH 222 has long been associated with this radio jet. However, new infrared images show that the two sources are distant elliptical galaxies, indicating that the radio jet is merely an improbable line-of-sight coincidence. Accurate proper motion measurements of HH 222 reveal that the shock structure is a giant bow shock moving directly away from the well-known, very young, Herbig Be star V380 Ori. The already known Herbig-Haro object HH 35 forms part of this flow. A new Herbig-Haro object, HH 1041, is found precisely in the opposite direction of HH 222 and is likely to form part of a counterflow. The total projected extent of this HH complex is 5.3 pc, making it among the largest HH flows known. A second outflow episode from V380 Ori is identified as a pair of HH objects, HH 1031 to the northwest and the already known HH 130 to the southeast, along an axis that deviates from that of HH 222/HH 1041 by only 3fdg7. V380 Ori is a hierarchical quadruple system, including a faint companion of spectral type M5 or M6, which at an age of ~1 Myr corresponds to an object straddling the stellar-to-brown dwarf boundary. We suggest that the HH 222 giant bow shock is a direct result of the dynamical interactions that led to the conversion from an initial non-hierarchical multiple system into a hierarchical configuration. This event occurred no more than 28,000 yr ago, as derived from the proper motions of the HH 222 giant bow shock.
Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc
National Science Foundation
National Aeronautics and Space Administration through the NASA Astrobiology Institute
keywords: Herbig-Haro objects, ISM: individual objects: HH 222, ISM: jets and outflows, proper motions, stars: individual: V380 Ori, stars: pre-main sequence eid: 118 adsurl: http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013AJ....146..118R adsnote: Provided by the SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System
Astronomical Journal, 2013, Vol. 146, Number 5