Simple Adaptive Control for Positive Linear Systems with Applications to Pest Management
SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics
Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
Copyright © 2016 SIAM. Published by SIAM under the terms of the Creative Commons 4.0 license
Pest management is vitally important for modern arable farming, but models for pest species are often highly uncertain. In the context of pest management, control actions are naturally described by a nonlinear feedback that is generally unknown, which thus motivates a robust control approach. We argue that adaptive approaches are well suited for the management of pests and propose a simple high-gain adaptive tuning mechanism so that the nonlinear feedback achieves exponential stabilization. Furthermore, a switched adaptive controller is proposed, cycling through a set of given control actions, that also achieves global asymptotic stability. Such a model in practice allows for the possibility of rotating between different courses of management action. In developing our control strategies we appeal to comparison and monotonicity arguments. Interestingly, componentwise nonnegativity of the model, combined with an irreducibility assumption, implies that several issues typically associated with high-gain adaptive controllers do not arise and usual high-gain structural assumptions are not required.
Vol. 76, Iss. 1, pp. 238 - 275