Lumbar annulus fibrosus biomechanical characterization in healthy children by ultrasound shear wave elastography
© European Society of Radiology 2015
Reason for embargo
OBJECTIVES: Intervertebral disc (IVD) is key to spine biomechanics, and it is often involved in the cascade leading to spinal deformities such as idiopathic scoliosis, especially during the growth spurt. Recent progress in elastography techniques allows access to non-invasive measurement of cervical IVD in adults; the aim of this study was to determine the feasibility and reliability of shear wave elastography in healthy children lumbar IVD. METHODS: Elastography measurements were performed in 31 healthy children (6-17 years old), in the annulus fibrosus and in the transverse plane of L5-S1 or L4-L5 IVD. Reliability was determined by three experienced operators repeating measurements. RESULTS: Average shear wave speed in IVD was 2.9 ± 0.5 m/s; no significant correlations were observed with sex, age or body morphology. Intra-operator repeatability was 5.0 % while inter-operator reproducibility was 6.2 %. Intraclass correlation coefficient was higher than 0.9 for each operator. CONCLUSIONS: Feasibility and reliability of IVD shear wave elastography were demonstrated. The measurement protocol is compatible with clinical routine and the results show the method's potential to give an insight into spine deformity progression and early detection. KEY POINTS: • Intervertebral disc mechanical properties are key to spine biomechanics • Feasibility of shear wave elastography in children lumbar disc was assessed • Measurement was fast and reliable • Elastography could represent a novel biomarker for spine pathologies.
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The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-015-3911-0
First online: 22 July 2015